GSO FRAMEWORK CRITERIA(研究基础设施作为国际合作伙伴关系候选人所需遵循14条标准)

2019年12月7日22:55:27GSO FRAMEWORK CRITERIA(研究基础设施作为国际合作伙伴关系候选人所需遵循14条标准)已关闭评论 25 views

(Update: 02 December 2019)

The  following  recommendations  form  the  basis  for  the  Framework  for  Global Research  Infrastructures.  The  Framework  is  a  living  document  that  builds  on  the continuous work of the GSO and is based on previous experience with existing Global Research Infrastructures available worldwide, on the analysis of selected case studies, and on updates in  the relevant Policy Areas  addressed. The GSO proceeds with the periodic review and refinement of the Framework as well as to its testing on carefully selected case studies in the context of  international cooperation in Global Research Infrastructures initiatives.

1.Core purpose of Global Research Infrastructures

Global  Research  Infrastructures  should  address  the  most  pressing  global  research challenges,  i.e.  those  frontiers  of  knowledge  where  a  global-critical-mass  effort  to achieve progress is required. Science, technology, innovation, and advanced research training  goals  should  be  fully  integrated  throughout  the  infrastructure  plans  from their early development.

2.Partnership management

Global  Research  Infrastructures  initiatives  should  explicitly  and  clearly  define,  as early as possible, the roles and responsibilities of the Partners through the different stages of the project’s full life-cycle 【1】 to ensure effectiveness and sustainability. Rules of participation should also be defined to allow for the evolution of the partnership.  The  partnership’s  Terms  of  Reference  should  include  the  establishment  of  an independent  scientific  oversight  body  to  advise  the  participating  members  on scientific and technical matters.

3.Defining scope, schedule, and cost 

Stakeholders  should  agree  upon  a  shared  understanding  of  the  foreseen  scope, schedule (including a timetable) and cost, addressing inherent uncertainties and any external constraints, and define processes to effectively address deviations.

4.Project management

Appropriate  management  structures  and  experienced,  professional  top-level management  should  be  established,  consistent  with  good  practices  and  principles derived  from  other  Global  Research  Infrastructures  and  applicable  professional standards, to help ensure that the scientific, technical and performance objectives of each lifecycle stage are met.

5.Contribution management

Global  Research  Infrastructure  development  should  enable  an  appropriate  balance between cash contributions and in-kind contributions when considering the costs for each life-cycle stage to ensure proper  implementation, delivery of excellent science, and long-term sustainability. The in-kind contributions should be carefully evaluated regarding  the  capability  of  the  contributor  to  deliver,  the  scientific  quality  of  the contribution, and the schedule for delivery in relation to the life-cycle stage.

6.Periodic reviews

The   scientific,   technical,   and   performance   objectives   of   Global   Research Infrastructures (GRIs) should be externally evaluated and updated periodically. Good evaluation practices should be adopted at all lifestyle stages to help ensure excellence of  the  scientific  output  and  achievement  of  the  broader  national  and  international goals of the GRI. An assessment of the quality of the services offered to the scientific communities  that  the  GRI  supports  should  be  included  to  evaluate  on-going performance and success during operations. A process supported by external review that  includes  both  national  and  international  representation  and  is  tailored  to  the GRI lifecycle stage is strongly encouraged.

7.Termination or decommissioning

Planning  for  termination  or  decommissioning  of  a  Global  Research  Infrastructure initiative should be established early in the development of the facility where possible or relevant, by defining criteria for the conclusion of operation, and establishing exit criteria  and  procedures  for  closing  down  and  recognizing  future  termination liabilities or encumbrances on the sponsors at the conclusion of operation

8.Access goal based on merit review

The GRI policies should reflect the global-Excellence-driven Access (gEA) paradigm through  publication  of  a  clear  and  transparent  access  goal.  The  goal  should incorporate  a  peer-reviewed  process  that  recommends  access  based  on  the  most promising  emergent  ideas,  regardless  of  the  country  of  origin  or  the  ability  of  the proposer to contribute financially.

9.e-infrastructure.

Global  Research  Infrastructure  initiatives  should  recognize  the  utility  of  the integrated  use  of  advanced  e-infrastructure  services  for  accessing,  processing  and curating data, as well as for remote participation (interaction) and access to scientific experiments.

10.Data management

Many  Global  Research  Infrastructures  (GRIs)  have  recognized  that  the  data  they produce  are  of  value  and  utility  to  a  broad  scientific  community.  Effective  data management  and sharing has the potential to  increase the pace of  interdisciplinary research and scientific discovery, to inspire innovation, and to promote more efficient and  effective  use  of  research  resources.  GRIs  that  manage  and  maintain  research datasets  in  service  to  the  scientific  community  should  have  transparent  and  public data management policies for data preservation and sharing that are mutually agreed to by the users. These policies are encouraged to consider: (1) long-term data curation including  metadata;  (2)  data  interoperability;  (3)  data  access  and  re-use;  and  (4)alignment  with  community  standards  and  practices,  including  standards  for openness,  while  respecting  the  “as   open   as   possible,   as   closed   as   necessary” principle.

11.Clustering of Research Infrastructures.

Where  clustering  of  complementary  Research  Infrastructures  appears  to  be consistent with the mission of the Global Research Infrastructure, schemes for access and mobility of researchers, engineers and technicians through the cluster should be actively encouraged.

12.International  mobility.

Measures to facilitate the international mobility of engineers, project managers and researchers, including postgraduate students and postdoctoral fellows, to participate in  design,  implementation,  operations  and  use  of  Global  Research  Infrastructures (GRIs),  should  be  promoted  by  all  stakeholders  vested  in  the  achievement  of  the broader national and international goals of the GRI.

13.Innovation, Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property

Global  Research  Infrastructures  should  develop  policies  with  clear  goals  and strategies  for  the  promotion  of  innovation  and  technology  transfer  and  the management  of  intellectual  property.  These  policies  should  recognise  the  differing opportunities for innovation at each lifecycle stage as well as the barriers and drivers appropriate to the particular GRI context. GRI’s are encouraged to regularly exchange information  on  good  practices  regarding:  (1)  innovation  and  intellectual  property rights  management;  and  (2)  the  sharing,  exploitation  and  utilisation  of  data  and technologies generated by usage of the GRI.

14. Monitoring impact

In alignment with criterion 6, Global Research Infrastructures should maintain a set of core indicators relevant to the strategic objectives and the life-cycle stages of  the GRI,  which  are suitable  for  monitoring  the  scientific  and  socio-economic impact  of the GRI and are agreed to by the key stakeholders. GRIs should ensure that there are sufficient resources for collecting and making available data on these core indicators.

【1】https://ec.europa.eu/info/sites/info/files/research_and_innovation/gso_progress_report_2015_fina

l.pdf See page 19

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