开放科学软件

2019年12月22日15:05:43开放科学软件已关闭评论 68 views

OPen Science Software

A variety of computer resources support open science. These include software like the Open Science Framework from the Center for Open Science to manage project information, data archiving and team coordination; distributed computing services like Ibercivis to utilize unused CPU time for computationally intensive tasks; and services like Experiment.com to provide crowdsourced funding for research projects.

Blockchain platforms for open science have been proposed. The first such platform is the Open Science Organization, which aims to solve urgent problems with fragmentation of the scientific ecosystem and difficulties of producing validated, quality science. Among the initiatives of Open Science Organization include the Interplanetary Idea System (IPIS), Researcher Index (RR-index), Unique Researcher Identity (URI), and Research Network. The Interplanetary Idea System is a blockchain based system that tracks the evolution of scientific ideas over time. It serves to quantify ideas based on uniqueness and importance, thus allowing the scientific community to identify pain points with current scientific topics and preventing unnecessary re-invention of previously conducted science. The Researcher Index aims to establish a data-driven statistical metric for quantifying researcher impact. The Unique Researcher Identity is a blockchain technology based solution for creating a single unifying identity for each researcher, which is connected to the researcher's profile, research activities, and publications. The Research Network is a social networking platform for researchers.

A scientific paper from November 2019 examined the suitability of blockchain technology to support open science.[78] The results of their research showed that the technology is well suited for open science and can provide advantages, for example, in data security, trust, and collaboration. However, they state that the widespread use of the technology depends on whether the scientific community accepts it and adapts its processes accordingly.

开放科学软件

各种计算机资源都支持开放科学。

这些软件包括开放科学中心的开放科学框架之类的软件,用于管理项目信息,数据归档和团队协作;

像Ibercivis这样的分布式计算服务,将未使用的CPU时间用于计算密集型任务;

和Experiment.com之类的服务来为研究项目提供众包资金。

已经提出了开放科学的区块链平台。第一个这样的平台是开放科学组织,其目的是解决科学生态系统碎片化和生产经验证的优质科学的困难的紧迫问题。开放科学组织的举措包括星际思想体系(IPIS),研究人员索引(RR-index),唯一研究人员身份(URI)和研究网络。星际思想系统是一个基于区块链的系统,可跟踪科学思想随时间的演变。它用于基于唯一性和重要性来量化思想,从而使科学界能够识别当前科学主题的痛点,并防止不必要地重新发明先前进行的科学。研究者索引旨在建立一种数据驱动的统计指标,以量化研究者的影响。唯一研究人员身份是基于区块链技术的解决方案,用于为每个研究人员创建一个统一的身份,该身份与研究人员的个人资料,研究活动和出版物有关。研究网络是研究人员的社交平台。 2019年11月发表的科学论文研究了区块链技术支持开放科学的适用性。[78]他们的研究结果表明,该技术非常适合开放科学,并且可以提供数据安全,信任和协作等优势。但是,他们指出,技术的广泛使用取决于科学界是否接受它并相应地调整其过程。

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